These eyewitnesses could either verify or falsify the information contained in the gospels. According to the unanimous testimony of the early church, Matthew was the first gospel written. If the ancient testimony is true, and there is no reason to doubt it, then we have a third independent source about the life of Christ written during the eyewitness period. The Gospel of John is usually assumed to have been the last of the four gospels composed. John testified that he was an eyewitness to the events that he recorded.
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He said:. It is clear that John claimed to have been there when the events in the life of Jesus transpired. There is also internal evidence that John himself wrote before A. We read the following description of Jerusalem in the fifth chapter of John:. John describes the sheep gate as still standing at the time he wrote. He could not have made this statement after A. The sheep gate was destroyed in the year A. This could very well be an indication that John wrote his gospel before the city of Jerusalem was destroyed.
When all the historical and textual evidence is amassed, it becomes clear that the four gospels were composed at a very early date either by eyewitnesses, or those who recorded eyewitness testimony. Therefore, we have every reason to trust what they wrote. When all the evidence is in, it shows that the four gospels were written soon after the events they recorded.
An examination of the gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke show that each one has Jesus predicting the destruction of the city of Jerusalem as well as the temple.
An Introduction to the Gospels
However, none of these writings records the fulfillment. Since the city and temple were both destroyed in the year A. The same is true with the Gospel of John. It is written from the perspective of the city of Jerusalem still standing. This would make all four gospels written during the period when eyewitnesses, both friendly and unfriendly, were still alive.
There is also some possible evidence from the Book of Acts as to the early date of the gospels. Acts is the second part of two books written by Luke. There is internal evidence from Acts that it should be dated before the death of Paul. If this is true, then it was composed before A. Add to this the possibility that Luke may have used Mark as a source; this would mean that we have an earlier date for Mark. Finally, the early church unanimously believed Matthew was the first gospel written.
This places the writing of the first three gospels within thirty years of the resurrection of Jesus. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry. Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding.
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Dating the Gospels | Intro to Christianity | Tom Shoemaker
~ Matthew ~
DBY Darby Translation. WEB Webster's Bible. RVR60 Reina-Valera VUL Latin Vulgate. TR Textus Receptus.
The Dirty Little Secret About Dating the Gospels
Search Bible Search. Line-By-Line Order:. Separate Line. Why is it so positive towards the Romans, especially towards the end? Why does it say next to nothing about the 12 disciples with the obvious exceptions Peter, John, Phillip etc. And why does it pay so much attention to Phillip? If the author of Acts was using Mark as his source for this story, it seems odd that he would decide to adjust the details. In this account, Jesus tells ppl to flee once this happens and to stay away. That could have helped sell that prediction as being in the process of coming to fruition in a pre-temple destruction setting.
In any case, it is also striking to me at least that the author of Acts not only inserts details deviant from his source directly prophetic quotes from Jesus citing the OT language, no less! If I recall, the temple fell in summer.
Or is it typically just the one issue of the temple destruction story that pushes most scholars to the post CE era? My sense is that it is not odd that he would change his source, but that it makes sense he would do so — otherwise there would be no reason for him to write a different account. He would simply copy the other one as a scribe.
But yes, he certainly changed the details that he wanted to alter given his own understanding and context. The assumed fall of Jerusalem is certainly a good reason for dating Mark after Another is that Paul, an earlier author who was well-traveled and connected, does not appear to know that any such account exists. It seems strange to me that the author would comment about winter in the way he did if it was written post-destruction. Usually it is the specificity of the predictions that are taken to indicate that an author is living after the fact see how Luke describes the destruction in Luke 21 e.
Balleine, Arthur Stapylton Barnes, Adolf Von Harnack, and myself, an evolutionist who both respects Darwin and at the same time ascribes, as did Eusebius, the date of Aramaic Matthew to BTW, my views are not based upon his; I found him by looking for others who held my same suspicions.
I also want to know more of your thoughts on the dating of Acts. I admit to being flabbergasted that even those with opposing views to yours, such as Craig Evans, N. Nope, not snarky. Must one be a textual critic to have a primary-sourced research based opinion worthy of consideration?
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As far as someone living, John W. Mauck is a lawyer.
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