People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas: 14 (Landscape Series)


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The determination shall be at the discretion of the Planning Authority. Ensure as far as practical that the design of SuDS enhances the quality of open spaces. SuDS do not form part of the public open space provision, except where it contributes in a significant and positive way to the design and quality of open space. The Council will give consideration to the provision of SuDS on existing open space, where appropriate.

Underground tanks and storage systems will not be accepted under public open space, as part of a SuDS solution. Playground facilities should cater for defined age groups and provide for a variety of facilities and play opportunities. All residential schemes in excess of 50 units should incorporate playground facilities which should be provided at a rate of 4 sq m per residential unit. Playground facilities shall be provided at a rate of 4 sq m per residential unit. All residential schemes in excess of 50 units shall incorporate playground facilities clearly delineated on the planning application drawings and demarcated and built, where feasible and appropriate, in advance of the sale of any units.

Ensure that in the instance of an equipped playground being included as part of a specific facility, it shall occupy an area of no less than 0. A minimum of one piece of play equipment shall be provided for every 50 sq m of playground. Trees provide both valuable amenity and wildlife habitat. Visually they add to an area, softening the impact of physical development on the landscape while also fulfilling an important role in the improvement of air quality in urban areas and providing wildlife habitats.

Require the use of native planting where appropriate in new developments in consultation with the Council. Ensure trees, hedgerows and other features which demarcate townland boundaries are preserved and incorporated where appropriate into the design of developments. Consider in tree selection the available rooting area and proximity to dwellings or business premises particularly regarding shading of buildings and gardens. Promote the planting of large canopy trees on public open space and where necessary provide for constructed tree pits as part of the landscape specification.

Ensure roadside verges have a minimum width of 2. Road verges shall be a minimum of 1. All residential units be they traditional type housing or apartments are to be provided with private open space. Open space standards will set out qualitative and quantitative standards so as to ensure that the maximum benefit is derived from the open space. Ensure trees removed from residential areas are replaced, where appropriate, as soon as resources allow. Ensure boundary treatment associated with private open spaces for all residential unit types is designed to protect residential amenity and visual amenity.

One of the characteristics of traditional type housing is the provision of private open space, usually to the rear of the front building line of the house. Ensure a minimum open space provision for dwelling houses exclusive of car parking area as follows:. Narrow strips of open space to the side of houses shall not be included in the private open space calculations.

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In no instance will the provision of less than 48 sq m of private open space be accepted per house. Private open space associated with apartments and duplexes is important to ensure a suitable level of amenity for occupiers. Balconies and terraced areas are the primary form of private open space for apartment and duplex type schemes. The provision and proper future maintenance of well-designed communal amenity space is essential in meeting the amenity needs of residents.

Designers should have regard to the targets and standards set out in Table Require private balconies, roof terraces or winter gardens for all apartments and duplexes comply with or exceed the minimum standards set out in Table Require balconies, ground floor private open space, roof terraces or winter gardens be suitably screened in a manner complimenting the design of the building so as to provide an adequate level of privacy and shelter for residents. Require communal amenity space within apartment developments, in the form of semi-private zones such as secluded retreats and sitting out areas, complies with or exceeds the minimum standards set out in Table Permit in appropriate layouts e.

As a general principle the location and provision of community facilities is a pre-requisite to the creation and enhancement of viable, sustainable and successful local communities.


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Any application for community facilities such as leisure facilities, sports grounds, playing fields, play areas, community halls, organisational meeting facilities, medical facilities, childcare facilities, new school provision and other community orientated developments, shall have regard to the following:. It is recognised that childcare must be of suitably high quality. Applications for childcare facilities in existing residential areas will be treated on their own merits, having regard to the likely effect on the amenities of adjoining properties, and compliance with the above criteria.

Detached houses or substantial semi-detached properties are most suitable for the provision of full day care facilities. For new residential developments, the most suitable facility for the provision of full day care should be a purpose built, ground floor, stand-alone property. Residential properties with childcare shall retain a substantial residential component within the dwelling, and shall be occupied by the operator of the childcare facility.

In assessing applications for new childcare facilities, the Planning Authority will consult with the Fingal County Childcare Committee to assess the need for the type of facility proposed at the intended location. Extensions to schools will generally be accepted where they will replace existing temporary classroom structures on site.

School extensions should be located having regard to adjoining amenities and amenities within the school site.

Chapter 12: Development management standards

Development proposals for the habitual use of a building as a place of public worship or religious instruction will be considered in the context of the land use zoning and the need to protect the amenities of established uses from impacts arising from traffic, noise or other disturbance. Planning applications for places of worship should be accompanied by details of the capacity of the facility e. Require that new or enlarged places of worship be located in places where they do not create unacceptable traffic congestion or car parking difficulties nor cause a nuisance to existing residents or businesses.

The Planning Authority will distinguish between small scale medical practices involving one to two principals i. Applications should involve professional medical commercial activities carried out by the resident of the building or, the premises should incorporate an otherwise occupied living unit. The operation of these premises shall not have negative impacts on the residential amenities of the surrounding area. Parking and access arrangements shall be as per Table Medical practices in residential areas shall be additions to the existing residential use of a dwelling and be subordinate to it.

Similar to childcare facilities in residential areas — small-scale medical practices should ideally be in larger and detached houses on their own grounds and with suitable and convenient access for those arriving by car, foot or public transport. They shall not have negative impacts in terms of generating overspill of car parking, traffic hazard, negative impact on adjoining residential uses, and shall complement the existing uses and buildings and should have only modest signage.

Local Authorities have a statutory responsibility to provide for burial facilities. Many of the existing burial grounds within the County have reached or are nearing full capacity.

people places and landscapes social change in high amenity rural areas 14 landscape series Manual

Therefore, it will be necessary to provide additional burial grounds within the County over the next number of years. Ensure burial grounds are managed and maintained in a manner which respects their cultural heritage and which provides safety and universal access. Facilitate the provision of a crematorium within the life of the Draft Plan, subject to environmental assessment and Screening for Appropriate Assessment as appropriate. The Planning Authority encourages high quality design, materials and finishes and good quality landscaping for all commercial and industrial developments.

Business parks and industrial areas in Fingal are intended to provide high quality physical environments for businesses and industry reflecting the character of the County. It is also considered that good design will assist in the long term economic viability of these areas.


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Exhaust flues, chimneys and vents should be integrated into the building, preferably located to the rear or side of buildings, appropriately screened and coloured to match the overall design of the attendant building. Ensure that the design and siting of any new Business Parks and Industrial Areas conforms to the principles of Design Guidelines as outlined in Table Retailing often has a social and civic focus in local neighbourhoods and villages.

Such developments should therefore achieve high quality design. They should be designed and sized to be appropriate in scale in relation to the planned catchment area. Local centres and rural villages are intended to cater for the daily shopping and service needs of the immediately surrounding areas and will consequently be generally small in scale. In dealing with applications in these local centres any analysis should take cognizance of changing shopping trends, the social and economic circumstances of the area and the retail strategy in Chapter 6.

Thomas Woltz, “Threatened Landscapes: Designed Countermeasures of N. B. W. Landscape Architects”

Applications for new retail development shall accord with the requirements outlined in Chapter 6. The provision of new retail development shall be in accordance with the Fingal Retail Strategy in Chapter 6. Retail development shall be in accordance with the role and function of the retail centre and accord with the scale and type of retailing identified for that location. Retail development should be in accordance with the fundamental objective to support the vitality and viability of the retail centre and must demonstrate compliance with the sequential approach.

Proposals to amalgamate retail units will be carefully considered. Major retail proposals exceeding 1, sq. Fast food outlets have the potential to cause disturbance, nuisance and detract from the amenities of an area and as such, proposals for new or extended outlets will be carefully considered.


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  4. Petrol stations, while necessary, have the potential to cause disturbance, nuisance and detract from the amenities of an area and as such, proposals for new or extended outlets will be carefully considered. Motor fuel stations will not generally be encouraged within the core retail area of urban centres or in rural areas. The range of goods sold in both existing and any future retail parks will be tightly controlled and limited to bulky household goods or goods which are not portable by customers travelling by foot, cycle, or bus See Annex 1 of Retail Planning Guidelines for definitions of bulky goods.

    In town and village centres, the size and scale of all new retail warehousing developments should be in accordance with the character of the area. Only permit retail warehousing on lands zoned for this purpose RW or Major Town Centre MC and where there is a clear evidence based need for such uses.

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    In addition proposals will be required to comply with the objectives of Chapter 6. Development proposals for small scale home based economic activities will be considered where the applicant is the resident of the house and can demonstrate that the proposed activity is subordinate to the main residential use of the dwelling. Proposals that adversely impact on the existing residential amenity of the area by way of increased traffic, noise, fumes, vibration, smoke, dust or odour will not generally be favourably considered. The Planning Authority will assess the suitability of the residential site to accommodate the proposed home based economic activity having regard to the size and scale of the site and dwelling, the prevailing density of the area, the availability of adequate safe car parking and the general compatibility of the nature of the use with the site context.

    Home-based economic activity will generally be permitted on a short-term or temporary basis to enable an ongoing assessment of any impact of the activity on residential amenity. Permit home-based economic activities where the proposed activity is subordinate to the main residential use of the dwelling and does not adversely impact on the existing residential amenity of the area by way of increased traffic, noise, fumes, vibration, smoke, dust or odour.

    People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas: 14 (Landscape Series) People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas: 14 (Landscape Series)
    People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas: 14 (Landscape Series) People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas: 14 (Landscape Series)
    People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas: 14 (Landscape Series) People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas: 14 (Landscape Series)
    People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas: 14 (Landscape Series) People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas: 14 (Landscape Series)
    People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas: 14 (Landscape Series) People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas: 14 (Landscape Series)
    People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas: 14 (Landscape Series) People, Places and Landscapes: Social Change in High Amenity Rural Areas: 14 (Landscape Series)

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